Professor Edith Gray (Australian National University)
< Title >
Australia’s Population: Past, Present and Future
< Abstract >
Australia has the oldest continuous living culture in the world. From an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander view of creation, people have always been in Australia since the land was created, and scientific evidence shows presence of Indigenous people for at least 65,000 years. An estimated 320,000 Indigenous people lived in Australia at the time of European colonization. This presentation will examine the components of population change such as fertility and mortality rates, and migration patterns, with a focus on periods of major change during the 20th and 21st Century. The presentation will also discuss the cultural diversity of the Australian population. Overall, this presentation will provide a comprehensive overview of the key features of Australia's population, with a focus on understanding the demographic trends that are shaping Australia’s future.
< About the speaker >
Edith Gray is Professor at the School of Demography in the Australian National University’s Research School of Social Sciences. Her research area is family demography, particularly childbearing in Australia and other middle and high-income countries, with a focus on social-policy setting. She has been a chief investigator on topics concerning family formation, fertility, dissolution and life course trajectories.
Edith is a Council member on the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, and the Asian Population Association. She is Chair of the National Organising Committee for the upcoming International Population Conference, Brisbane 2025. She also provides research expertise through government and non-government consultancies, is the immediate past Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Population Research (2007-2014), and was the Convenor of the 20th Biennial Australian Population Association Conference held in Canberra in 2022.